Dr. David J. Ayers
Fellow, Marriage and Family

David Ayers has been Dean of the Alva J. Calderwood School of Arts and Letters of Grove City College since 2013. He is also a Professor in the Department of Economics & Sociology. Dr. Ayers has been at Grove City College since 1996. He completed his Ph.D at New York University, his M.A. at American University, and his B.A. at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania. His graduate degrees are in Sociology, but his undergraduate is in Psychology.

Immediately prior to coming to Grove City, Dr. Ayers lived in St. Louis and (among other things) headed his own company there. This included research and consulting for firms as varied as Anhauser-Busch, Milliken Publishing, and Practical Homeschooling Magazine. In fact, in his work for Anhauser-Busch, Dr. Ayers scripted a film “starring” A-B’s Chief Financial Officer, and he wrote a stage presentation that was performed by popular television personality Regis Philbin for an audience including, among others, the mayor of St. Louis.

Dr. Ayers’ varied background also includes being on Sociology faculty at The King’s College in New York and at Dallas Baptist University in Texas, serving as a Special Research Affiliate in the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Office of Policy Studies, and working as Research Associate for a Washington D.C. consulting firm, carrying out studies in the healthcare field. He also completed two national studies of pro-life pregnancy centers for a consortium of interested parties in D.C. that included the U.S. House of Representatives Pro-Life Caucus. The latter studies were widely covered in the press at the time.

He has also been a mental health worker, delinquency counselor, headed a residential unit for severely emotionally-disturbed and violent male youth, short-order cook, bus boy, construction laborer, poet and song-writer, and guitarist and back-up singer in two bands, but not necessarily in that order. As a boy he lived in both Athens, Greece and Frankfurt, Germany as his father served in covert operations in the Central Intelligence Agency.

Dr. Ayers latest book, Christian Marriage: A Comprehensive Introduction, is due to be released by Lexham Press in Fall 2018. Ayers previously published two books with the major academic publisher Cengage: Experiencing Social Research (2002) and Investigating Social Problems (2005). His research essay, “The Inevitability of Failure: The Assumptions and Implementation of Modern Feminism,” appeared in a volume edited by John Piper and Wayne Grudem titled Recovering Biblical Manhood and Womanhood which won Christianity Today’s “Best Book of the Year” and “Best Book in Theology” awards in 1991, and is now out in a second edition. Ayers contributed two major essays to the Omnibus Reader series edited by Gene Veith, Douglas Wilson and G. Tyler Fischer for Veritas Press—the first on “Cultural Anthropology” and the second on “Sociology.” Dr. Ayers has also written popular articles in magazines such as Practical Homeschooling and Crosswinds.

David Ayers’ hobbies include hunting deer (rifle and archery), fishing, playing his collection of guitars and jamming to the tunes of such artists as Led Zeppelin, Jimi Hendrix, ZZ Top, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Johnny Winters and Joe Bonamassa. More than anything else other than his relationship with his Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, Ayers is happy to be blessed with a wonderful family that includes his wife Kathy, six children, three sons-in-law, and four grandchildren. He resides in Grove City.

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Craig ColumbusDr. Craig Columbus
Fellow, Entrepreneurship and Innovation

Craig Columbus’ diverse executive career has spanned asset management, financial information, venture capital, digital media, broadcasting, and most recently, higher education.

Columbus has been deeply involved in the capital markets as a global macro strategist and fund manager. In this capacity, he has been a popular figure on CNBC television, appearing regularly on shows such “Power Lunch, the Morning Call, and Kudlow and Company.” He is a frequent commentator on political economy, regulatory and public policy issues.

A successful entrepreneur, Columbus has guided two start-ups from incubation to large-entity acquisition and integration. He has extensive experience in new venture creation, acting in a variety of capacities including founder, early employee and angel investor, primarily in the new media and technology spaces.

A graduate of Loyola University of Chicago, Columbus holds an M.B.A. from Penn State University and a Juris Doctorate from Indiana University (admitted to the Pennsylvania bar).

All posts by Craig Columbus


Dr. Michael Coulter
Contributing Scholar

Michael L. Coulter is a professor of humanities and political science at Grove City College. His academic specialties are American government and political theory. A co-editor of the “Encyclopedia of Catholic Social Teaching, Social Science and Social Policy” (Scarecrow Press, 2007), Coulter has also has authored chapters for “Church-State Issues in America Today” (Praeger, 2008) and “Catholic Social Teaching: American Reflections on the Compendium” (Lexington Books, 2008), and has authored three entries for the five-volume “Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States” (Macmillan, 2008) in addition to contributing an entry to “Magill’s Survey of World Literature, Revised Edition” (Salem Press, 2009). Coulter graduated from Grove City College and holds both an M.A. and a Ph.D. in politics from the University of Dallas.

All posts by Michael Coulter


Dr. R.B.A. DiMuccio
Guest Commentator

Dr. R.B.A. Di Muccio is a guest commentator for The Center for Vision & Values at Grove City College. A former assistant professor and chair of the international relations program in the Political Science Department at the University of Florida, he is now vice president of research and advisory services for a global business advisory firm. He received his Ph.D. in international relations from the University of Southern California.

All posts by R.B.A. DiMuccio


Dr. Jan F. Dudt
Working Group Coordinator, Bio-Medical Ethics
Fellow, Bio-Medical Ethics

Jan Frederic Dudt, Ph.D. is Coordinator of the Center of Vision and Values, Bio-Medical Ethics Working Group.

Dr. Dudt is a Professor of Biology at Grove City College where he teaches and contributes to several courses in the Biology Department. He also team teaches the required course “Studies in Science Faith and Technology” that explores the interface of modern science and historic Christianity. Among other topics, attention is given in the course to develop student awareness of modern developments in biology and to the ethical questions that they raise.

Commodification of humanity and the modern trajectories that assault the value of human life need to be wrestled with as Christians seek to incorporate new technologies ethically into our cultural fabric. While Dr. Dudt acknowledges the potential power for good in many of these new advances, he sees the need to exercise great caution and wisdom in discerning which technologies to use and how to use them.

He is a graduate of Covenant College (BA in Biology), The University of Pittsburgh (M.Ed. in Science Education) and Emory University (M.S., Ph.D. in Biology). He has taught a wide range of courses through his career and has been always been interested in the implications of Christianity and science as humans seek to exercise Biblical dominion and stewardship in the world.

Jan Dudt lives on a farm in rural Mercer County a few miles from Grove City with his wife Katie, and their five children.

All posts by Jan Dudt


Dr. Jason Edwards
Working Group Coordinator, American Popular Culture
Fellow, American Popular Culture

Jason R. Edwards is a professor of history at Grove City College and the director of educational policy studies. He is a fellow with The Center for Vision & Values and a member of both the ethics & character formation and educational policy working groups. The co-author of Ask the Professor: What Freshmen Need to Know (Greyhound Books, 2008), Edwards is a Lehrman Scholar and Salvatori Fellow for the Intercollegiate Studies Institute and has worked in partnership with Princeton University’s James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions. Edwards received a B.A. in history from Asbury College, his M.A. in history from the University of Kentucky, and his doctorate in history and philosophy of education from the University of Kentucky.

All posts by Jason Edwards



Dr. Marvin Folkertsma
Fellow, American Popular Culture
Contributing Scholar

Marvin Folkertsma is a retired professor from Grove City College. He is the author of several books, including Ideology and Leadership, Agony of Survival, Criminal Intent, and The Thirteenth Commandment. Agony of Survival was an alternate selection of the Jewish Book Club and nominated for the National Jewish Book Award. He also is a frequent contributor of op-eds that have appeared in news publications throughout the country. His interests are wide-ranging and include American political institutions, political thought, literature, and American studies generally.

All posts by Marvin Folkertsma


Dr. Andrew Harvey
Contributing Scholar

Andrew J. Harvey is an associate professor of English at Grove City College and a contributing scholar with The Center for Vision & Values. Prior to coming to Grove City, he taught English at Eastern Mennonite University, University of Virginia College at Wise, and was a teaching fellow in the department of English at UNC Chapel Hill. His academic specialty is Medieval and Renaissance English Literature. Harvey received his B.A. from James Madison University, and both his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

All posts by Andrew Harvey


Dr. Mark W. Hendrickson
Fellow, Economic & Social Policy

Mark Hendrickson is adjunct professor of economics and entrepreneurship at Grove City College, where he has taught since 2004. He is also a Fellow for Economic and Social Policy with The Center for Vision & Values, for which he writes regular commentaries. He is a contributing editor of The St. Croix Review and, sits on the Council of Scholars of the Commonwealth Foundation, writes the “No Panaceas” column in the Op/Ed section of, and is a contributor at

After completing his B.A. in Spanish from Albion College, he at various times studied at the University of Michigan School of Law, Oxford University (Shakespeare and world literature), and Harvard (moral education) before earning his masters and doctorate degrees under the tutelage of the late economist and Grove City College icon, Dr. Hans F. Sennholz.

His published books include: America’s March Toward Communism (1987)—a study of the extent to which Karl Marx’s ten point-platform for socializing an economy has been implemented in the United States; The Morality of Capitalism (editor, 1992); Famous But Nameless: Inspiration and Lessons from the Bible’s Anonymous Characters (2011); and God and Man on Wall Street: The Conscience of Capitalism (with Craig Columbus, 2012). His most recent book is Problems with Piketty: The Flaws and Fallacies in ‘Capital in the Twenty-First Century.’ Hendrickson’s commentaries have been published in The Freeman, Reason, New Guard, Human Events, The Washington Times, The Washington Examiner, The Christian Science Monitor,, and, among others.

Hendrickson lives with his wife Eileen in Amish country near Grove City.

All posts by Mark Hendrickson



Dr. Jeffrey Herbener
Working Group Coordinator, Economic Theory & Policy
Fellow, Economic Theory & Policy

Jeffrey M. Herbener is chair of the department of economics at Grove City College and a fellow for economic theory & policy with The Center for Vision & Values. He is also a senior fellow at the Ludwig Von Mises Institute, an associate editor of The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, director of the Austrian Student Scholars Conference, and has taught economics at Washington and Jefferson College. Herbener is editor of The Meaning of Ludwig von Mises: Contributions in Economics, Sociology, Epistemology, and Political Philosophy (Springer, 1992) and the author or editor of over one hundred articles in popular and scholarly venues including The Wall Street Journal, Investor’s Business Daily, and the Journal of Libertarian Studies. Herbener received his B.S. from Nebraska Wesleyan University and both his M.S. and Ph.D. from Oklahoma State University.

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Dr. Joseph Horton
Working Group Coordinator, Marriage and Family

Dr. Joseph Horton is professor of psychology at Grove City College. Among the courses he teaches are Marriage and Family Assessment and Intervention, Child Development, Foundations of Psychological Science, and Advanced Research Methods. Dr. Horton earned his Ph. D. and master’s degrees from The Pennsylvania State University with an emphasis in developmental psychology. He is particularly interested in reasoning in young children, character development in adolescents as well as marriage and the impact of marriage on children. Dr. Horton is part The Center for Research on Positive Youth Development at Grove City College. The research done by the center has been funded by the John Templeton Foundation. He serves as board chair of Pregnancy Services of Western Pennsylvania, a pro-life, Christian pregnancy help center. In his spare time, he enjoys watching college football with his family and taking his daughter to dog shows.

All posts by Joseph Horton


Dr. Steven L. Jones
Fellow, Character & Ethics

Steven Jones is the academic dean at St. Joseph’s Catholic School in Greenville, SC. Before joining St. Joseph’s, Jones was an associate professor of Sociology at Grove City College. While at Grove City College he coached the College’s nationally recognized debate team and was the director of the Koch Fellows program at Grove City College. Prior to arriving in Grove City he was associate director of the Pew Research Center on Religion and Democracy at the University of Virginia and a Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture in Charlottesville, Virginia. He has also received fellowships from the Center for Children, Families, and the Law and the Civitas Forum.

He is the co-editor of the three volume Church and State in America Today Perspectives Series put out by Praeger Press, and the author of Religious Schooling in America: Private Education and Public Life, also with Praeger Press. His essays have appeared in several journals and reference works, including the award-winning Hedgehog Review, an interdisciplinary academic journal published by the Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture.

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Dr. Paul Kemeny
Fellow, Character & Ethics

Paul C. Kemeny is professor of religion and humanities at Grove City College and assistant dean of the Calderwood School of Arts and Letters. He is the author of Princeton in the Nation’s Service: Religious Ideals and Educational Practice, 1868-1928, of the Religion in America Series (Oxford University Press, 1998) and co-editor of American Church History: A Reader (Abingdon Press, 1998) and editor of Faith, Freedom, and Higher Education: Historical Analysis and Contemporary Reflection (Pickwick Press, 2013). His academic specialties are history of religion, American culture, and American higher education, and he is currently researching a book, The First Moral Majority: The New England Watch and Ward Society and Moral Reform Politics in Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century America, in addition to serving as the editor of Church, State, and Social Justice: Five Views (InterVarsity Press, 2007). Kemeny received his B.A. from Wake Forest University, his M.A.R. and M.Div. from Westminster Theological Seminary, a Th.M. from Duke University, and his Ph.D. from Princeton Theological Seminary.

All posts by Paul Kemeny



Dr. Paul G. Kengor
Executive Director, The Center for Vision & Values
Fellow, Faith and Politics

Paul Kengor, Ph.D., is professor of political science at Grove City College and executive director of the college’s Center for Vision & Values. A New York Times bestselling author of over a dozen books, Kengor is also a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. His most recent book is A Pope and a President: John Paul II, Ronald Reagan and the Extraordinary Untold Story of the 20th Century (April 2017).

Kengor is an internationally recognized authority on several subjects, particularly Ronald Reagan, the Cold War, communism, conservatism, and progressivism. He is often quoted in major publications, from USA Today to the Los Angeles Times to the Chronicle of Higher Education to the Washington Post to the Associated Press, as well as foreign publications ranging from the Irish Times to Pravda. His articles have appeared in numerous publications from across the ideological spectrum: the New York Times, New York Post,,, National Review, San Francisco Chronicle, Washington Post, Washington Times, USA Today, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Roll Call, Weekly Standard, Wall Street Journal, The Guardian, Philadelphia Inquirer, Christianity Today, World magazine, National Catholic Reporter, National Catholic Register, Our Sunday Visitor, Jewish Press, Jewish World Review, International Herald Tribune, and many others. He has published major articles in top refereed, scholarly/academic journals, such as Political Science Quarterly and Presidential Studies Quarterly.

Dr. Kengor released two books in 2015. The first is a co-edited volume (with Jeffrey Chidester, University of Virginia), titled Reagan’s Legacy in a World Transformed. Published by Harvard University Press, it is a seminal scholarly work on President Ronald Reagan. He also published Takedown: From Communists to Progressives, How the Left Has Sabotaged Family and Marriage, a shocking chronology of how the far left has sought to take down natural-traditional-biblical marriage and family, culminating in its embrace of same-sex marriage as the long-sought vehicle—one that has mainstream public support—to finally succeed in redefining marriage and family, as well as attacking religion. These books follow his 2014 work, 11 Principles of a Reagan Conservative, one of his many books on President Ronald Reagan.

Kengor has authored several bestsellers. More recently, his 2012 profile of Frank Marshall Davis, mentor to Barack Obama, titled, The Communist: Frank Marshall Davis, the Untold Story of Barack Obama’s Mentor (Simon & Schuster, Threshold/Mercury Ink), debuted at #9 on the New York Times bestseller list and hit #1 in non-fiction at both Amazon and Barnes & Based on declassified FBI files and Soviet and Communist Party USA archives, the book garnered a significant amount of public attention.

In 2010, Kengor published Dupes: How America’s Adversaries Have Manipulated Progressives for a Century (ISI Books). Based on extensive Soviet archival research, particularly the Soviet Comintern Archives on Communist Party USA, the book examines the exploitation of American liberals by communists beginning in the early 20th century.

Prior to Dupes, Dr. Kengor published another major Cold War work, The Crusader: Ronald Reagan & the Fall of Communism. The Crusader includes never-before-published documents from KGB archives, Soviet media archives, and once-secret but now declassified NSC, White House, and Reagan administration documents. Originally released in hardcover in October 2006 (HarperCollins), the paperback rights were purchased by HarperPerennial for release in September 2007. The book was translated for release in Poland in October 2007. The book was also translated into Estonian and Korean, and is being considered for Albanian.

Also in 2007, Kengor released God and Hillary Clinton (HarperCollins), the first and only examination of the faith and spiritual life of the former first lady. In November 2007, he published (with co-author Patricia Clark Doerner) The Judge: William P. Clark, Ronald Reagan’s Top Hand (Ignatius Press), a long-awaited biography of Ronald Reagan’s close friend and most influential foreign-policy adviser. The Judge is the only book to be endorsed by two living ex-presidents from differing political parties: President Jimmy Carter and President George H. W. Bush.

Kengor’s best-known work is God and Ronald Reagan (HarperCollins, 2004), which made bestseller lists for The New York Times (extended list),,, and Christian Retailing, among others; the book reached #2 on Amazon’s non-fiction list. He is author of God and George W. Bush (HarperCollins, 2004), which reached #5 on Amazon’s non-fiction list and made The New York Times’ extended bestseller list. He is co-editor with Peter Schweizer of Assessing the Reagan Presidency (Rowman-Littlefield, 2005). He has also written chapters or essays in books published by Oxford University Press, Columbia University Press, Palgrave-Macmillan, Lexington, and many others.

The film rights for Kengor’s two books on Ronald Reagan, The Crusader and God and Ronald Reagan, were purchased by MJM Group. The books are the basis for a major Hollywood “bio-pic” on the life and presidency of Ronald Reagan, titled, Reagan: The Movie. The film, budgeted at $30 million, will be co-produced by Mark Joseph and Ralph Winter, with script by Howard Klausner. Filming is planned for late 2015.

Kengor has been a frequent contributor to MSNBC, C-SPAN, NPR, the BBC, PCN-TV, EWTN, and FoxNewsChannel, and is a regular columnist for Townhall and the American Spectator. He has appeared on many TV shows, including “The O’Reilly Factor,” “Hannity,” “Fox & Friends,” the “World Over,” the “700 Club,” Lou Dobbs, and (from the past) “Hannity & Colmes,” “Tony Snow Live,” and “Scarborough Country.” He has done hundreds of radio-talk shows, including the shows of Sean Hannity, Bill Bennett, Mark Levin, Diane Rehm (NPR), Michael Reagan, Warren Olney (NPR), Glenn Beck, Janet Parshall, Truths that Transform with D. James Kennedy, Dennis Praeger, Michael Medved, G. Gordon Liddy, Linda Chavez, Kresta in the Afternoon, Jim Quinn, Stand to Reason with Greg Koukl, and Laura Ingraham. Hosts like Rush Limbaugh have discussed his work on air on a number of occasions. He does a regular commentary for three nationally syndicated radio programs: American Radio Journal, Moody Broadcasting, and Ave Maria Radio Network/EWTN Radio.

Kengor has done work for many think tanks, including the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the Heritage Foundation, and the Allegheny Institute for Public Policy, and has served on the editorial board of Presidential Studies Quarterly, the flagship academic publication on the presidency. He is nationally known for his work on the American presidency. In 2009, he was one of a select group of presidential scholars to participate in C-SPAN’s prestigious, highly regarded ranking of American presidents, a follow up to C-SPAN’s popular 2000 survey. The four-person advisory team to the survey was comprised of Douglas Brinkley, Richard Norton Smith, Edna Medford, and Harvey Mansfield.

Kengor received his doctorate from the University of Pittsburgh’s Graduate School of Public and International Affairs and his master’s degree from American University’s School of International Service. He holds an honorary doctorate from Franciscan University (Steubenville, Ohio), where he was the commencement speaker in May 2009. Kengor, a native of Western Pennsylvania, lives with his wife Susan in Grove City, Pa., along with their eight children.

All posts by Paul Kengor



Fred Kingery
Guest Commentator

Fred A. Kingery is currently a self-employed investor with particular interests in the early recognition of key macro economic trends that drive unfolding cutting edge technologies. Fred’s career spans over 35 years and has exposure to a variety of experiences that range from: nuclear engineering, stock investment research, money market and government bond trading, commodity and currency speculation, and professional money management. As a professional, Fred has worked for the following companies: Babcock & Wilcox Co., Nuclear Power Generation Division; Pittsburgh National Bank; EF Hutton & Company; Mellon Bank. In addition, Fred was founder and CEO of the AM Grace Trading & Investment Company. Fred’s current investment focus is targeted at identification of sources of capital that can be placed in early phase start-up investment opportunities. Fred holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the Pennsylvania State University and an MBA from Lynchburg College in Lynchburg, Virginia.

All posts by Fred Kingery


Dr. Tracy Miller
Fellow, Economic Theory and Policy

Dr. Tracy Miller received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago in 1986. He also holds a Master’s Degree in agricultural economics from Michigan State University and B.S. in forestry from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Miller’s research interests include transportation policy, property rights, health economics, and environmental policy. He has published articles on agricultural policy, international trade, environmental policy, and transportation policy. He is a member of the Association of Christian Economics and serves as Vice President of the Pennsylvania Economic Association. He is also on the board of advisors for the Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation. His commentary on contemporary economic and political issues can be found at

Miller and his wife Donna have five grown daughters. His hobbies include running, hiking and camping, gardening, and tennis.

All posts by Tracy Miller


Dr. Durwood B. Ray
Fellow, Medical Ethics

Dr. Durwood Ray is retired professor of biology at Grove City College. He is a fellow and former coordinator for the Medical Ethics Working Group with The Center for Vision & Values, a Grove City College think-tank/policy center. Ray has done research and taught for 16 years in graduate and medical education and 11 years in undergraduate education. In the past, Ray has led a two-day Stem Cell Research and Religion forum at St. Lukes Church of the Mountains in La Cresenta, California and has been interviewed on several radio stations broadcasting in parts of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Wyoming, Colorado, and Missouri on “The ABCs of Embryonic, Cord Blood, Adult Stem Cell Research and Therapeutic Cloning.” Prior to coming to Grove City College in 1994, he was awarded over $1.3 million in extramural direct cost research funding from the National Science Foundation, The National Institutes of Health, the American Cancer Society, the Veterans Administration Merit Review Projects and the American Heart Association to do endocrine, breast cancer, biochemical and molecular biology research. He has published over 14 research papers, 47 abstracts, 1 book chapter, and presented 38 research talks at national, international meetings and various academic and industrial research labs in the US. He has served as a cell culture consultant to two international corporations that sell cell culture technologies for the growth of mammal cells in culture. He has special training in Yeast Genetics and Molecular Biology at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories in New York and in Flow Cytometry Technology at the Coulter Becton Labs in San Jose, California.


Ray, a native of Houston, Texas, began his career in cancer research as a Summer Student Research Trainee for four years at the University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute in Houston, Texas. He received his Bachelor’s degree from the University of Texas at Austin in Chemistry and his PhD from the University of Pittsburgh in Biochemistry while studying human cancer cells. He was then a post-doctoral research fellow at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School in Dallas, Texas.

He also helped design and establish in a cancer treatment hospital in Tulsa, Oklahoma a 12 member molecular & cellular oncology department and then served as its Director for three years managing his department’s personnel, and budgetary requirements ($640,000 average annual budget). After coming to Grove City College in 1994, he helped expand the undergraduate research program and direct the technical activities in the Molecular Genetics and Cell Culture laboratories. Ray lives with his wife Laurie in Grove City, PA. They have three sons, David, Walgreen’s store manager recruiter/trainer in Norfolk, Virginia, Chris, a Vice President for Bank of America in Dallas, Texas, and Andrew, Episcopal Priest in Pasadena, California.

All posts by Durwood Ray


jesse-2Dr. P. Jesse Rine
Contributing Scholar

P. Jesse Rine earned his B.A. in Christian Thought from Grove City College, where he currently serves as assistant provost and assistant professor of education. Rine holds a Ph.D. in higher education with a minor in social foundations of education from the University of Virginia and an M.A.T. in Latin from Washington University in St. Louis.

Rine’s professional experience spans both K-12 and higher education contexts. He has taught middle and high school Latin in public, evangelical Christian, and Catholic school contexts, and his pedagogical research has appeared in Classical World, The Classical Journal, and New England Classical Journal.

Immediately prior to his return to Grove City College, Rine directed the research programs of two national higher education associations in Washington, D.C. As director of research projects at the Council of Independent Colleges (CIC), he managed the production of two national annual benchmarking reports and authored research intended to highlight the effectiveness of America’s small and mid-sized private colleges and universities, which included reports on how these institutions provide educational access and opportunity to low-income and first-generation students and how they efficiently prepare students for careers in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). As director of research and grants initiatives at the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU), Rine oversaw a national research agenda for evangelical higher education and co-authored studies of the denominational character of religious colleges and the teaching of science and religion within the CCCU membership.

The recipient of the 2012 Outstanding Dissertation Award presented by the Religion and Education Special Interest Group of the American Educational Research Association (AERA), Rine’s research has appeared in the Journal of College Student Development, Journal of College and Character, Religion & Education, and Christian Higher Education. He has authored chapters for Spirituality in College Students’ Lives: Translating Research into Practice (Routledge, 2012) and the Oxford Handbook of Religion and American Education (Oxford, forthcoming).

All posts by P. Jesse Rine


Dr. Shawn Ritenour
Contributing Scholar

Shawn Ritenour is a professor of economics at Grove City College, contributor to The Center for Vision & Values, and author of Foundations of Economics: A Christian View.

All posts by Shawn Ritenour


Dr. Gary S. Smith
Working Group Coordinator, Faith and Politics
Fellow, Faith and Politics

Gary Scott Smith is the retired chair of the history department at Grove City College and coordinates the humanities core. He is a fellow for faith & politics with The Center for Vision & Values, has published numerous articles in scholarly and popular journals, and has also penned chapters for several edited volumes on religion and society. In addition, he has authored or edited eight books, including Religion in the Oval Office (Oxford University Press, 2015), Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush (Oxford University press, 2006) and his latest release, Heaven in the American Imagination (Oxford University Press, 2011). In 2000, he received Grove City College’s first Professor of the Year award, and the next year he was named Pennsylvania Professor of the Year by The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education. Smith earned a B.A. degree in psychology at Grove City College, a Master of Divinity degree at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary near Boston, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in American history at Johns Hopkins University.

All posts by Gary S. Smith



Dr. John A. Sparks
Working Group Coordinator, Educational Policy
Fellow, Educational Policy

John A. Sparks is the retired dean of the Alva J. Calderwood School of Arts & Letters at Grove City College, where he teaches U.S. Constitutional history and business law, and was the former chairman of the business department. A fellow for educational policy with The Center for Vision & Values, he has been named an H.B. Earhart Foundation Fellow, an R.C. Hoiles Fellow, a Chavanne Fellow (Baylor University Hankamer School of Business), and has received the prestigious George Washington Honor Medal from the Freedoms Foundation, Valley Forge, Pa. He was named Professor of the Year at both Hillsdale College (where he previously taught for seven years) and Grove City College (where he began teaching in 1976) and received the highest alumni award from his alma mater, the Jack Kennedy Memorial Achievement Award. Sparks is a graduate of Grove City College with a B.A. in economics and received his Juris Doctor degree from the University of Michigan Law School.

All posts by John A. Sparks


Dr. James T. Thrasher ’80
Working Group Coordinator, Calling
Fellow, Calling

Dr. Jim Thrasher ’80 has had the privilege of investing his life in college students for over twenty years as the Director of Career Services and as Associate Professor of Biblical and Religious Studies and Humanities. He currently serves as the Senior Fellow for Vocational Guidance. He was asked by the College in 1994 to re-invent the Career Services philosophy and programs. Based on a Biblical view of calling and vocation, Thrasher set in place a vision which has resulted in a nationally recognized office. The Princeton Review Guide three times has ranked the GCC Career Services Office in the top 20 such offices at colleges and universities across the nation. He was a contributing author to the book “Hire on a WHIM: Four Qualities That Make for Great Employees” and an advisor to the author of “Getting Hired “Right” Out of College.” Thrasher has lectured on various Career Services subjects at numerous conferences, including the Eastern Association of Colleges and Employers. His administrative educational experience encompasses high school college counseling and coaching, as well as collegiate admissions, student affairs, residence life, career services and coaching.

All posts by James T. Thrasher



Dr. Warren Throckmorton
Fellow, Psychology and Public Policy

Warren Throckmorton, PhD is an associate professor of psychology at Grove City College. His academic work has been published by journals of the American Psychological Association, the American Mental Health Counseling Association and the Christian Association for Psychological Studies. In 2004, he wrote and produced the documentary, I Do Exist, about sexual orientation change and in 2005 followed up with a shortened version called Sexual Orientation: Is Change Possible?

All posts by Warren Throckmorton



Dr. Earl H. Tilford
Fellow, Middle East & Terrorism

Dr. Earl Tilford is a retired professor of history at Grove City College. He also is an Academic Fellow with the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies and holds a White House appointment to the U.S. Army War College’s Board of Visitors. Dr. Tilford also serves on the Editorial Advisory Board of Vietnam magazine.

He is the author of three books on the Vietnam War, including A History of U.S. Air Force Search and Rescue Operations in Southeast Asia, 1961-1975 (Center for Air Force History, 1981) which was nominated for the Furniss Award “Best First Book in Military History” Award. He also published Setup: What the Air Force Did in Vietnam, and Why (Air University Press, 1991); and Crosswinds: The Air Force’s Setup in Vietnam (Texas A&M University Press 1993). Additionally, with historian William P. Head, he co-edited Eagle in the Desert: Looking Back on the Persian Gulf War (Praeger, 1996). He has published more than fifty articles in refereed journals as well as numerous book reviews.

Prior to coming to Grove City College in 2001, Tilford served as Director of Research at the Strategic Studies Institute, the U.S. Army’s strategic research institute charged with looking twenty-five years into the future to approximate the strategic paradigm and then recommending force structures, strategies and weapons systems that might best-fit future national security requirements. From 1969 to 1990, he served as an Air Force intelligence officer with tours in Vietnam and at Headquarters, Strategic Air Command, where he was a nuclear targeting specialist. During his Air Force career, Tilford also served on the faculties at the Air Force Academy and the Air Command and Staff College and was editor of the Air University Review, the professional journal of the Air Force. He was voted Air University “1991 Professor of the Year” and in 1992, the Air Force Association gave him the “General Hoyt Vandenberg Award” as Air Force Educator of the Year.

At Grove City College, Dr. Tilford taught courses in the Humanities core, US Military History, Russian History, World Wars I and II, the Vietnam War and US National Security. He frequently appears on the History Channel and is a frequent commentator on national security matters on National Public Radio as well as a variety of radio talk shows.

All posts by Earl Tilford



Kathryn A. Van Til
Fellow, Education & Humanities

Kathryn A. Van Til has spent decades as a public school teacher and then as a professor at Grove City College, where she was known for her modeling for, and management of students who wished to teach English. She is the author several articles and a best-selling book on how to write formal papers, The Verbal Art Companion. For more than a decade she has been a Fellow for Education and Humanities at the Center, as well as serving as editor for the Center’s spring conference papers.

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Dr. L. John Van Til
Fellow, Humanities, Faith, & Culture

L. John Van Til is a retired chair and professor of history, professor of business, and professor of humanities at Grove City College (1972-2004) where he has taught more than 20 courses. He is also a fellow for humanities, faith, & culture at The Center for Vision & Values. He assisted in the development of Grove City College’s core curriculum, which is the forerunner to College’s required three-year Civilization Series, and has written more than 200 articles or essays on intellectual history, theology, philosophy, American history, and public policy, including some 80 position papers with the Public Policy Education Fund. Dr. Van Til is the author of The Soul of Grove City College: A Personal View and Liberty of Conscience and editor of President Calvin Coolidge’s three volumes of writings. Follow his blog at

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Lee S. Wishing, III
Vice President for Student Recruitment
Contributing Writer

Lee S. Wishing, III is the Vice President for Student Recruitment at Grove City College.

Wishing grew up in the Snow Belt area of western New York State and went on to college at Grove City College, where he graduated in 1983 with a degree in business administration. He holds a master’s degree in organizational leadership from Geneva College.

Wishing helped lay the foundation for the College’s think tank, The Center for Vision & Values, in 2004 and became the Center’s administrative director in 2005. A member of the Grove City College varsity soccer team during his college days, Wishing coached numerous youth soccer teams. He and his wife are members of Christ Presbyterian Church in Grove City where Lee serves as an elder. They have four children.

All posts by Lee Wishing